CORE Organic pilot research projects

The eight joint research projects, which were selected for transnational funding by means of a virtual common pot approach, started in July 2007.

Read more about CORE Organic and the research projects in the leaflet below (PDF). A more elaborate description of each project, results, perspectives and impact can be found on these webpages.

CORE Organic
project information

Read about the CORE Organic research projects below (pdf leaflets).

PathOrganic iPOPY

Methods to improve quality in organic wheat

The titel of this project of this CORE Organic pilot project is "Agronomical and technological methods to improve organic wheat quality". The researchers conducting the project ACTEC-Org have focused on the optimization of agronomic practices and grain fractionation processes in order to obtain wheat and flour with improved nutritional value, health and sensory characteristics.

The overall objective of AGTEC-Org has been to identify agronomical and technological ways to improve the performance of organic wheat and flour. And in this way to contribute to enhancing the baking quality and nutritional value of organic flour, and preventing mycotoxin contamination to fulfil consumers expectations of providing safe and healthy products. Below you find the most impoartant research results.

Location, soil type and cultivars influence yield and protein content

In general, the location, soil type and cultivars appeared to have a high influence on the grain yield and grain protein content obtained in the different long-term field experiments. Thus the protein content of the samples from all experiments and years showed a wide range of variability, ranging from 6.7 to 15.8 g/100g of dry matter.

Agronomical practices influence protein quality

The agronomical practices also influenced protein quantity and quality. Wheat of high protein quantity and quality can be produced with reduced tillage, provided just that soil and climate conditions are suitable and the nitrogen management is appropriate. Intercropping with legumes is an effective strategy to improve protein quantity and quality in wheat.

Pea and clover grass were most effective. Catch crops and rotations with legumes were also effective, with clover grass often improving the performance.

Conclusions and recommendations

Soil management

- Adoption of minimum tillage should be considered on organic systems where weed competition had been controlled by mechanical weeding or diverse crop rotation.
- Positive effect of minimum tillage on soil fertility could directly affect crop nutrient nutrition through good rooting when initial soil structure was good. No direct effect of minimum tillage on wheat quality was generally observed while others ecological benefits as improvement of soil biological fertility could be observed.
- The impact of reduced tillage on grain quality has no incidence when economic condition (e.g. policy aid support or selling price) and yield obtained are significant on wheat economic performance.

Nitrogen organic fertilization and green manure

- Organic grain systems are frequently characterized by temporary N deficiency with consequences on wheat yield and grain protein content. The incidence of N fertilization based on farmyard manure was moderate on wheat grain yield and grain protein content. On the contrary, adequate use of fertilizer with readily available nitrogen could significantly improve grain yield without impairing grain quality.
- On high fertility soil, regular use of green manure and forage legumes could balance the lack of on-farm manure.
- On less fertile soils, benefits of green manure on wheat performance were directly linked to water availability and quality of initial emergence. Grain quality parameters were affected by N fertilization while no or minimum incidence of green manure was observed.

Project ressources

Agtec-Org final report

Get the Agtec-Org Final Report (pdf)

Project publications in Organic Eprints

Browse the Agtec-Org publications in the online open-access research archive, Organic Eprints.

Leaflets about the AGTEC-Org project

General leaflet 2012 (pdf)

Technical leaflet 2012 (pdf)

Farmers leaflet 2012 (pdf)

Get the Agtec-Org information leatlet 2007(pdf).


Coordination of European Transnational Research in Organic Food and Farming